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c. What do ‘undergraduate’ and postgraduate’ mean?


An undergraduate student is a student who is studying for his/her first degree (usually entitled Bachelor of Arts [BA] or Bachelor of Science [BSc]). There are three levels of undergraduate study equating to first-year, second-year and third-year study. Once the student has a first degree, he/she is called a graduate and may choose to take a higher degree (e.g. a Postgraduate Certificate, Postgraduate Diploma, Master’s Degree, PhD etc.). He/she will then be called a postgraduate student.

Levels of study within the Framework for Higher Education qualifications

FHEQ level 4 = first-year undergraduate-level study (Certificate)

FHEQ level 5 = second-year undergraduate-level study (Diploma)

FHEQ level 6 = third-year undergraduate-level study (Advanced Diploma)

FHEQ level 7 = postgraduate-level study (Postgraduate Certificate or Diploma, Master’s Degree)