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Institute of Continuing Education (ICE)


The deadline for booking a place on this course has passed. Please use the 'Ask a Question' button to register your interest in future or similar courses.

This course is part of the .

To apply for this course, please enrol on the programme above, and then select the courses you wish to study. For more information about Summer Programmes please visit our Summer Programmes Page.

In 1904 the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Russian fleet moored outside Port Arthur; within months of the end of the 20th century, al Qaeda attacked the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. In between, there were similar attacks by the Axis powers, the North Koreans and the Argentines. We examine what attackers hoped to gain, what they achieved, why intelligence services failed to predict the attacks, and how democracies used such aggression to rally people to respond.


Course dates

24 Jul 2016 to 30 Jul 2016

Course duration

1 week(s)

Apply by

04 Jul 2016

Academic Directors, Course Directors and Tutors are subject to change, when necessary.


International Summer Programmes
Sidgwick Site
01223 760850

Teaching sessions

Meetings: 5

Course code